An anthropologist one day entered a village and wanted to study the religious beliefs of the people living in the village. He was looking for an interviewee. But because of the culture of respect for the elders, he first approached the wise council of villagers…
Basic science, and quantum mechanics in particular, should be required study for anyone who wants to do Islamic philosophy.
For example, the concept of imkān-e-ashraf is disproved by the granulation in quantum levels. Nature is not as continuous as medieval Islamic philosophers had imagined it to be.
Does Salaat in the Quran mean prayers? What does du’a mean then? Why does God not say “perform Salaat” but “establish Salaat”?